The maintenance of a fuel boiler must be done once a year. These checks are essential for the proper functioning of your installation, ensure your safety and allow you to save energy. Fuel-it details the different steps to maintain the boiler.
1) Cleaning the heating body and the fireplace
The oil boiler releases a lot of residues. The professional will start by inspecting and cleaning the inside of your installation, after removing the burner, the hatch, the insulating plate and the access door to the fireplace. Equipped with a sweeping hedgehog and brushes, he will scrape soot residues before making them disappear thanks to his professional vacuum cleaner.
2) Cleaning the burner
When servicing the oil boiler, check and clean the burner is an important step since it is this part that allows the combustion of fuel oil. The professional will check the burner, see if it is in good condition, there is no leak, and check the oil pump and electrodes. After that, he will move on to cleaning the room.
3) Checking the oil nozzle
During maintenance of the boiler, the professional will disassemble and check the oil nozzle, a room for fuel supply. If it is in poor condition, the nozzle will be replaced directly. Before being reassembled on the burner, the jet will obviously be cleaned
4) Adjusting the flame holder
The flame holder is the element allowing to modify the flow of air and the heating of the boiler. The professional will adjust this element on the jet. Depending on the different models and their power, the distance between the flame holder and the burner base may vary.
5) Cleaning the filters
Next step to maintain the boiler: clean the oil filters of the burner and, if your installation is equipped, disassemble and clean the oil pre-filter.
6) Chimney sweeping
The professional must sweep the flue gas exhaust pipes from the boiler to the outside exit. One way to avoid excessive consumption of fuel oil and, above all, to avoid possible fire risks..
7) Carbon Monoxide Rate Measurement and Fume Analysiss
After the various maintenance stages of the boiler, the professional restarts the installation to identify a potential problem. If everything is in order, it passes to measure the carbon monoxide rate through a specific device. In case of non-compliant results, further investigations may be carried out.
8) Smoke analysis
Using a combustion analyzer, the professional carries out the analysis of fumes and their content of carbon monoxide and dioxide. These measurements will be useful for adjusting the burner in the safest way.
9) Keep the maintenance certificate
Within 15 days, the professional must provide you with a certificate of maintenance including the various operations performed, the results of measurements and any advice he has given you. You must keep this document for two years. The certificate must be able to be presented in case of control and covers you in case of accident.
10) Regular check of the boiler
Now that the professional has completed the mandatory annual maintenance, it is up to you to take care of it, for less technical tasks, to preserve your facilities. For example, you can take care of the pressure of the boiler (between 1 and 1.5 bar ideally). If you have questions, do not hesitate to seek advice from the professional.